Artwork by Arthur Henry Howard Heming,  Buffalo in Autumn Landscape

Arthur H.H. Heming
Buffalo in Autumn Landscape

oil on canvas
signed and dated 1931 lower right
24 x 30 ins ( 61 x 76.2 cms )

Auction Estimate: $15,000.00$10,000.00 - $15,000.00

Price Realized $11,400.00
Sale date: June 8th 2023

Ritchies, auction, Toronto, 23 September 2003, lot 145
Private Collection, Ontario
William G. Colgate, “Arthur Heming, Recorder of the North”, Fine Art Gallery, Eaton’s, 1933, unpaginated
Arthur Heming painted in a monochrome palette for most of his life, employing black, white, and yellow tones. The artist possibly chose this style at least nominally because of an early diagnosis of color blindness. This monochrome scheme lasted until the age of sixty, when a full, nearly technicolor palette suddenly splashed across his canvases. Heming painted from experience, having spent many years involved in lumbering, mining, railroading, big game hunting and the rugged lifestyle of living on the land. Heming embarked on expeditions into the wilderness to capture romantic scenes of adventure for illustrations in books and publications. Life in the backcountry captured his interest, not in terms of the sentimentality of the picturesque countryside or forest, but in the power of nature. Ablaze with colour, this painting by Heming is a monumental panorama, uniting various animals of the Canadian landscape in one harmonious scene set against the staggering backdrop of the mountains. As William Colgate, an early writer on Heming remarks, “In a field which [Heming] has made peculiarly his own, we follow his lead to the home haunts of our wild neighbours: the deer, the moose, the caribou, the bear, the lynx, the beaver, the fox, where they severally enact their parts in the grim drama of the forest, where Darwin’s great law of life is inexorably fulfilled.”

Prior to his death in 1940, Heming had pursued having his work in the collection of the Hudson Bay Company as a contributor to the history of Canadian wilderness exploration, as he did not see art museums as the preferred place for his paintings. A selection of his fur trade paintings were instead purchased by the Royal Ontario Museum in 1921, however, the recognition for his work came from the natural history branch rather than the fine arts branch. A collection of paintings entered the Royal Ontario Museum of Zoology and in 1962 transitioned to the Canadiana collection of the museum.

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Arthur Henry Howard Heming
(1870 - 1940)

Born in Paris, Ontario, Heming moved with family to Hamilton, Ontario when he was 12. Heming had dreams of becoming an artist and traveller, a dream which led to his study in the evenings at the Hamilton Art School. There at age of 16 he was appointed assistant to the Master where he continued to teach for 16 years (1887-1890). His search for physical challenge led him into the field of sports where he excelled. Heming played lacrosse, football and was a champion at cross-country running.

He started his trips to the wilderness at the age of 16. About 1890 he became a free lance illustrator and submitted many ‘chalk drawings’ to the Hamilton Spectator. Later he made a snowshoe trip to the Temiskaming area where he got material for a series of illustrations on Iroquois Indians for Harper’s Weekly. By 1899 Heming was in New York City where he studied at the Art Student’s League under Frank Vincent Dumond. By 1904 Heming was in London, England, where he studied under Frank Brangwyn who was a noted muralist and etcher. While attending one of his art classes in Canada or the United States, Heming was told that he was partially colour blind. Fearing he would make wrong colour judgments he worked in black, white and yellow until he was sixty years old. It was then that he learned through his artist friend Richard Jack, R.A., that he was no longer colour blind.

His illustrations adorned the pages of many publications of the world and he was hailed for this internationally. His first book “Spirit Lake” was published in 1907. The book deals with the era of the Hudson Bay Company when the wilderness was the free realm of the Indian, and the Indian’s life is very much revealed in the book. By 1910 Heming was back in Toronto, though he moved and travelled frequently in Canada and the U.S. He was one of the first artists to occupy the Studio Building in Toronto built by Lawren S. Harris and Dr. James MacCallum in 1914. Heming held a solo show in Toronto in 1920 and the following year ten of his paintings were purchased by the Royal Ontario Museum.

Heming’s last book “The Living Forest” was published in 1925 when it also appeared in serial form in ‘Mclean’s Magazine’. W. J. Phillips in his article on Heming explained how he moved into colour, “Heming painted pictures in colour for exactly ten years. Prior to that he worked in black and white and yellow. ‘The Living Forest’ is illustrated with pictures done in this technique. Very charming they are, with the decorative quality of a Japanese print. His first picture in colour was ’To Dance the New Year In’. During the course of his career Heming’s were reproduced in international illustrated periodicals including ‘Illustrated London News’, ‘Le Monde Illustré’, ‘New York Times Magazine’ and ‘Berliner Illustrate Zeitung’. A solo show of his paintings was held in London, England at the gallery of Messrs. Frost & Reed, Ltd. The exhibition was a triumph as were his magazine illustrations.

Heming was elected an Associate of the Royal Canadian Academy in 1934. He gave up painting in 1940 because of a sudden failure of the muscles of his hands. Nine months after he stopped painting he passed away in Hamilton, Ontario. He had been working on his fourth book.

Source: "A Dictionary of Canadian Artists, Volume II”, compiled by Colin S. MacDonald, Canadian Paperbacks Publishing Ltd, Ottawa, 1979