Artwork by Sorel Etrog,  Sadko, circa 1971

Sorel Etrog
Sadko, circa 1971

painted bronze sculpture
signed and numbered 1/7 on the base
23.5 x 15.75 x 15.5 ins ( 59.7 x 40 x 39.4 cms ) ( including base )

Sold for $27,600.00
Sale date: May 25th 2017

Estate of Janice Wolf, Philadelphia
Freeman’s Art & Design Auction, March 2016, Philadelphia
Private Collection, Ontario
Nicole Besharat, “Sorel Etrog : Recollecting things to come,” Nuvo Magazine, Winter 2001
Pierre Restany, Sorel Etrog, London/Munich, 2001, pages 31 and 101
Robert J. Belton, “The Art of Sorel Etrog and His Romanian Background,” Finnish Journal for Romanian Studies, Number 1, 2015, page 18
Ihor Holubizky, Sorel Etrog: Five Decades, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, 2013, pages 20-25 for illustrations of castings of “Sadko”

Romanian-born artist Sorel Etrog had his first solo exhibition in Canada in October 1959 at Gallery Moos in Toronto. The artist emigrated to Canada in 1963 and, three years later, represented Canada at the Venice Biennale. Etrog worked with the Michelucci foundry in the 1960s and 1970s during sojourns to Florence. “Sadko” is one of the striking works created during a stay in the early 1970s. Painted in luminous “Ferrari” red, Sadko's bolt-figure is present and proud, demanding the viewer's attention.

In a 2001 interview, Etrog describes how found objects are thought-provoking, seeing in them “potential transformation…not what they are, but what they can become.” An eye screw that Etrog had found on a street in Toronto inspired the “Screws and Bolts” series (1971-73). Belton writes that “by the time [Etrog] arrived at his Florence studio, he was totally absorbed by the possibilities of using nuts, bolts, and screw eyes as a new means of expressing the increasing mechanization of humanity.”

Etrog first exhibited these works at Staempfli Gallery in New York in 1972. The artist recalls how he revelled in the “challenge of their simplicity, the sensual directness of shapes,” telling George Staempfli, “they were fresh, funny, and erotic and that he would like them.” From an exhibition of these striking sculptures, came a commission for the monumental version of “Sadko” located in Bow Valley Square in downtown Calgary.

Writer Nicole Besharat observes that these works “are at once the most mechanical and sensual sculptures of his career, while the bold and good-humoured use of strikingly rich automotive paint reflects not only Etrog’s wit, but also his need to explore the spectrum of colour. When a viewer comments on the direct sexuality of ...[the large] (Bow Valley Square, Calgary), he replies with a mischievous smile and paraphrases Freud: 'A pencil is sometimes just a pencil.'”

This sculpture was acquired by Roger and Janice Wolf of Philadelphia. Roger Wolf was the president of Keystone Screw Corp., a leading manufacturer of screws, nuts and bolts.

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Sorel Etrog
(1933 - 2014) RCA

Based in Toronto for more than fifty years, Sorel Etrog was born in Iasi, Romania, in 1933. He is most well-known as a sculptor, but he also illustrated books, painted, and wrote poetry, plays, and films. His sculptures were influenced by his adolescence spent under Soviet rule and an interest in philosophical writings that questioned the nature of post-war society. He was also inspired by his grandfather who was a carpenter. Etrog, along with his parents and sister attempted to flee Romania in 1946 but were caught. His parents were then imprisoned for several weeks. Finally, Etrog and his family left Romania in 1950 and made it to the Sha’ar Aliyaa refugee camp near Haifa, Israel.

While serving mandatory time in the Israel Defense Forces’ medical corps in 1953 he began studying art at Tel Aviv’s Arts Institute for Painting and Sculpture. Inspired by Cubist collage and modernist music he invented a technique that he called painting constructions, which he practiced from 1952-1960. Etrog’s painting constructions featured two-dimensional paintings that were meant to hang on a wall, but also included three-dimensional elements, such as lines and shapes, mimicking constructivist reliefs. In 1955-56, Etrog lived in an artist’s village in Israel known as Ein Hod. In 1958, he received a scholarship to attend school at the Brooklyn Museum of Art School. Before leaving Israel, public museums such as the Museum of Modern Art in Haifa and the Tel Aviv Museum of Art began collecting his works. He appeared in group shows at the Museum of Modern Art in Haifa and received his first solo show at the Zionists of America House in Tel Aviv.

Upon arrival in New York City, Etrog became drawn to African and Oceanic art due to their expressive shapes and began incorporating these elements into his work. While trying to find gallery representation in New York City, Samuel J. Zachs purchased one of Etrog’s paintings and invited Etrog to spend the summer of 1959 in Southampton on Lake Huron with him. While in Southampton, Etrog created his first wooden sculptures and gained gallery representation from Gallery Moos in Toronto. After returning to New York City in the fall of 1959 Etrog began his application to become a Canadian citizen and began practicing molding in plaster and bronze at the Modern Art Foundry. He had his first show at Gallery Moos in October 1959 and his second in 1961. Etrog became a Canadian citizen in 1962 but remained in the United States until 1963 to finish his education in Brooklyn.

After immigrating to Canada, Etrog had his first traveling exhibition in 1965. The show began at Gallery Moos, then traveled to New York City, Los Angeles, and Montreal. In 1966, Etrog, alongside Yves Gaucher and Alex Colville, represented Canada at the Venice Biennale. Etrog’s work in Venice consisted of nineteen bronze sculptures. In 1968, he was commissioned to design the bronze statuette that is presented to the winners of the Canadian Film Awards. Etrog became more adventurous in the 1970s and began using new media. In 1974, Etrog wrote and directed a film, “Spiral”, exploring the life of humans from birth to death. In the 1980s, he opened a studio in Paris and curated two shows in Canada: “25 Canadian Sculptures in Guild Park” (1982) and “Sam Sack’s Paintings” at the Art Gallery of York University (1984). He received several important commissions, including those for Expo ’67, Montreal; SunLife Centre, Toronto; Windsor Sculpture Garden, Windsor, Ontario; Los Angeles County Museum, and Olympic Park in Seoul, Korea.

In reviewing his sculpture, W. J. Withrow, Director, the Art Gallery of Toronto, noted, “. . . In all his work to this date there had been a tendency to combine free, curving lines with geometric shapes and this uneasy combination continued to challenge him in his sculpture . . .” Using for example Etrog’s “Blossom”, a 42” high work in bronze, Withrow continued, “. . . Blossom . . . is one of his first sculptures to meld successfully the organic and the mathematical. It is also a work which illustrates very well Etrog’s preoccupation with evolution: birth, youth, maturity and constant change . . . In spite of new developments all his 1964 work retains certain familiar continuing qualities: a wonderful sense of mass related to but unburdened by the demands of gravity and that unique and peculiar proclivity to corkscrew the masses in space.”

Sorel Etrog’s work develops a complex visual vocabulary that explores time and the permanent bond between the plastic arts, with architecture on one hand, and society on the other. Etrog explores spontaneous symbols, primal elements and the relationship between form and symbol. The artist described his art as "tension created by pulling together and pulling apart, with being stuck and being freed, a world of grabbing and holding on and losing hold...bringing shapes together but at the same time giving each an independence." Etrog continued to develop his new concepts through his personal sculpture and attracted considerable attention in art circles. His work varies in height from half a foot to over six feet.

Before his death in 2014, Etrog’s art was included in a retrospective at Buschlen Mowatt in Vancouver in 2003. The same gallery hosted other exhibitions featuring his work in 2006 and 2008. In 2013, the Art Gallery of Ontario hosted a retrospective for Etrog. It was decided in 2016 that many of Etrog’s paintings and sculptures would be permanently housed in the Hennick Family Wellness Gallery at Mt. Sinai Hospital in Toronto.

Literature Sources:
"A Dictionary of Canadian Artists, Volume I: A-F", compiled by Colin S. MacDonald, Canadian Paperbacks Publishing Ltd, Ottawa, 1977
Mikulinsky, Alma, “Sorel Etrog: Life and Work,” Toronto: Art Canada Institute, 2018

We extend our thanks to Danie Klein, York University graduate student in art history, for writing and contributing this artist biography.