Artwork by Lynn Russell Chadwick,  Detector III
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Cowley Abbott
326 Dundas St West
Toronto ON M5T 1G5
Ph. 1(416)479-9703

Lynn Chadwick
Detector III

bronze
incised signature, indistinct date, edition (1/4) and inscription (“430”)
16.875 x 7 x 4.5 ins ( 42.9 x 17.8 x 11.4 cms ) ( overall )

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Provenance:
Modern British Artists, London
A Private Canadian Collection
Literature:
Joan Collins, The Collection at Lypiatt Park: Lynn Chadwick. Ruder Finn Press, New York, 2006, page 22.
At the 1956 Venice Biennale, Lynn Chadwick was granted the International Prize for Sculpture, becoming, at age 41, the youngest recipient of the award. Many in the art world were shocked at Chadwick's selection, having assumed that Swiss sculptor Alberto Giacometti (1901-1966) would win. This achievement confirmed his international reputation in the art world. During the remainder of the decade, Chadwick was prominent among the group of metal sculptors following in the steps of Henry Moore whose works, although largely abstract, carried suggestions of the human figure. In the 1960s his work became more block-like and monumental, designed to be seen in the open. Detector III, dating to 1963, demonstrates this new direction taken by Chadwick. The bronze sculpture is geometric and abstract, only vaguely resembling a human or lifelike form, meant to be viewed at all angles.

Detector III was cast in bronze, a medium the artist had recently adopted in the late 1950s. During this period, Chadwick was the sole technical force in the production of his work. He did not produce preparatory sketches, rather he improvised the works as he went through the sculpting process. Detector III is a product of Chadwick’s newfound confidence and refined skills, arriving at a mature point in his career. In a catalogue essay on an exhibition on Chadwick at the Museum of Modern Art in Rio de Janeiro in January 1962, Herbert Read noted that Chadwick has consolidated his style, saying ..."He is still preoccupied with states of attention or alertness in the human figure or the animal. His aim is to incorporate a moment of maximum intensity, and this he does by the most direct means – the reduction of bodily attitudes to their magnetic lines of force..."

Chadwick received many important commissions and prizes during the early 1960s. Slightly before the completion of his Detector series, Chadwick participated in the fourth Festival of Two Worlds at Spoleto, Italy, in July 1962. There, he collaborated on a large outdoor sculpture with nine other sculptors including David Smith and Alexander Calder. Chadwick and Smith became good friends during this period, and remained so until Smith’s untimely death in 1965. Chadwick was later featured in the prominent 1964 documentary film 5 British Sculptors (Work and Talk) by American filmmaker Warren Forma, and in the same year he was named a Commander of the Order of the British Empire.
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Cowley Abbott
326 Dundas St West
Toronto ON M5T 1G5
Ph. 1(416)479-9703


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Lynn Russell Chadwick
(1914 - 2003)

Lynn Russell Chadwick was a 20th century British artist, highly renowned for his skeletal iron and bronze sculpture, often of abstracted animal and humanlike forms. He originally trained as an architectural draftsman, which was the only formal education Chadwick ever received as an artist. He recalled: "What it taught me was how to compose things, a formal exercise in composition, really, it has nothing to do with the building it represents".

In April 1941, Chadwick volunteered to serve in the Fleet Air Arm, and in 1941–1944 he served as a pilot during the Second World War escorting Atlantic convoys. After the war, Chadwick returned to England, working for Rodney Thomas, who helped him find his beginnings as a sculptor. He became involved in the design of exhibition stands and textile design, and in 1947, with the encouragement of Thomas, constructed his first mobile.

After studying welding in the early 1950s, however, Chadwick turned to stable metal constructions. He became known for his improvisational technique of welding metal without sketches or plans, designing as he manipulated his material. He represented Great Britain at the 1952 Venice Biennale. He won the International Sculpture Prize at the 1956 Biennale, which brought him worldwide acclaim. By the late 1950s Chadwick began to cast works in bronze. He experimented with many styles and subjects throughout the 1970s and 70s, from abstract sculpture to figural works, followed by monumental stainless steel sculptures known as ‘Beasts’. Following a highly successful career, the artist was appointed a Senior Royal Academician of the Royal Academy of Arts, London, in 2001. Chadwick died at Lypiatt Park in 2003, the same year in which he was given a major retrospective exhibition at Tate Britain.

Literature Source: Levine, P, Chadwick: The Artist and his Work. Spruyt, Van Mantgem & De Does BV/Leiden, The Netherlands, 1988 page 55